Before the south of France became the south of France, it was Occitania……a land that encompassed eastern Spain to western Italy and all points in-between. The Occitanians were differentiated from their northern neighbors by a simple word…..in the north, “yes” was “Oïl” (now “Oui”) but in Occitania, “Oc” was used…….so the language of the north was known as “langue d’Oïl” and in the south, it was “langue d’Oc”……Languedoc ….. then, now and always.
The Occitan flag is the Languedoc cross. This symbol dates back to 1165 when Raymond V, count of Toulose, used it in his coat of arms. Like the Basques and the Catalans, the Occitans are proud of their heritage and display this unofficial, but esteemed, emblem of Languedoc proudly.
“The love of one’s country is a splendid thing. But why should love stop at the
border?” ~ Pablo Casals